EQUINE ACTIVITY IMMUNITY ACT
Act of December 22, 2005, P.L. 472, No. 93 Cl. 42
Providing for immunity for equine owners, possessors or handlers.
The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania hereby enacts as follows:
Section 1. Scope.
This act shall apply to an individual, group, club or business entity that
sponsors, organizes, conducts or provides the facilities for an equine
activity as defined in this act.
Section 2. Immunity.
(a) Assumption of risk.-- As to those within the scope of this act, liability
for negligence shall only be barred where the doctrine of knowing voluntary
assumption of risk is proven with respect to damages due to injuries or death
to an adult participant resulting from equine activities.
(b) Equine activities.-- For the purposes of this act, immunity shall apply
where an equine is utilized in the following manner:
(1) Equine training, teaching, riding instruction, shows, fairs,
parades, competitions or performances which involve breeds of equine
participating in an activity. This paragraph shall include, but not be limited
to, dressage, hunter and jumper shows, Grand Prix jumping, three-day eventing,
combined training, rodeos, reining, cutting, team penning and sorting, driving,
pulling, barrel racing, steeplechasing, English and Western performance riding
and endurance and nonendurance trail riding. This paragraph shall also include
Western games, gymkhana, hunting, packing, therapeutic riding and driving and
(2) Equine or rider and driver training, teaching, instruction or
evaluation. This paragraph includes clinics, seminars and demonstrations.
(3) Boarding equines, including normal daily care.
(4) Breeding equines, whether by live cover or artificial
(5) Inspecting, riding or evaluating an equine belonging to
another by a purchaser or agent, whether or not the owner of the equine has
received anything of value for the use of the equine or is permitting a
prospective purchaser or a purchaser's agent to ride, drive, inspect or evaluate
(6) Recreational rides or drives which involve riding or other
activity involving the use of an equine.
(7) Placing, removing or replacing of horseshoes or the trimming
of an equine's hooves.
(8) Leading, handling or grooming of an equine.
Section 3. Signing.
This act shall provide immunity only where signing is conspicuously posted on
the premises on a sign at least three (3) feet by two (2) feet, in two or
more locations, which states the following:
You assume the risk of equine activities pursuant to Pennsylvania law.
Section 4. Equine propensity.
Evidence of viciousness of the equine shall not be required before a possessor
of an equine shall be subject to liability for harm.
Section 5. Effect on other laws.
This act shall not affect common law or any statute for the protection of the
user of the equine. In no event shall this act apply to any matter involving
a motor vehicle covered by 75 PA.C.S. Ch. 17 (relating to financial
responsibility) or a successor act or to any non-equine-related activity
Section 6. Construction.
The immunity provided for by this act shall be narrowly construed.
Section 7. Effective date.
This act shall take effect in 60 days.
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